Seven genes of mitochondrial genome enabling differentiation of honeybee subspecies Apis mellifera

Abstract

On the basis of comparative sequence analysis of 12 honeybee mitochondrial genes, seven genes enabling us to differentiate honeybees subspecies of the A, M, C, O evolutionary lineages were found. Applying comparative sequence analysis of ND2 gene mtDNA as an example on a statistically valid sample size, we showed a high level of differentiating ability of this gene and assumed that each of these seven genes probably can be used for differentiation of the subspecies within four evolutionary lineages.

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